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Harvard and Vanderbilt are large research universities, while Grinnell and Colgate are small liberal arts colleges.

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But to measure the strength of an endowment, we can assume that current institutional expenses are representative of future institutional expenses. Some academics have argued that endowments are excessively large once the endowment can cover more than two years of expenses. Others have suggested that an endowment is much bigger than a school needs when it can pay for more than five years of expenses. At some point, an endowment may become vastly larger than what a college or university needs to ensure its success.

No school really needs an endowment that is large enough to cover a half-decade or more of expenses. But to determine whether an endowment is so large that it warrants different treatment than others, Congress must consider the endowment in relation to institutional costs.

The government collects fewer tax dollars than it otherwise would because donations to endowments qualify for the charitable deduction, and endowments do not have to pay taxes on their investment returns. In my view, schools like Harvard and Grinnell are going to fight tooth and nail to hang on to this preferential tax treatment. But when a college or university has an endowment that is large enough to cover its expenses for years and years into the future, I believe lawmakers should conclude that the forgone tax dollars would be better spent elsewhere.

At some point, an endowment has such ample funds that it no longer needs government subsidy.

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This means goodbye to tax-free investment returns and to the charitable deduction. Eliminating the charitable deduction may mean that donors would give less, but they would not stop giving altogether. Others desire the social status and public recognition that giving can provide, or want to influence institutional policy. Some people give simply because it makes them feel good. For many donors, a combination of all these factors motivates them to give.

Harvard Gains % in Muted Year for University Endowments - WSJ

But even if eliminating the charitable deduction means that some donors would choose to direct their giving elsewhere, chances are that the recipient organization would need the donation more than a school with a very large endowment. Although schools are unlikely to see it this way, less preferential tax treatment would actually be a sign of success: it means that donors have been so generous and the endowment has been so well-managed that the school now requires less public assistance than others do.

Before Congress singles out certain endowments for less preferential tax treatment, it needs to distinguish between endowments that sound obscenely large and those that actually are. UEA Inaugural lecture: Alternative performance measures: do managers disclose them to inform us, or to mislead us? A Modern Engineer — Edinburgh, Midlothian.

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Screen music and the question of originality - Miguel Mera — London, Islington. Edition: Available editions United Kingdom. Endowment distributions have increased at 8. Much of the income from the funds are earmarked for certain purposes. Approximately a quarter of spending from the endowment is specified by donors to support professorships and teaching.

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Nearly a fifth is dedicated to scholarships, fellowships, and prizes. A quarter is available for general university purposes. The remaining endowment funds are donor-designated to support specific departments or programs. Stanford University maintains over 7, separate endowed university funds. More than half of these are designated for a specified purpose.

Endowment payouts fund teaching, learning, and research for the arts, humanities, social sciences, sciences, engineering, law, medicine, business, and education.

go here The Stanford Management Company, established in , oversees the operations and maintenance of the endowment funds. The endowment also supports graduate students and their research. All Ph. In addition, other areas of the university that receive endowment support include fellowships, professorships, research, and teaching programs. Income Tax. Saving For College.

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